Taiwan is located in Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China.
ISO code: TWN
Dialing code: +886
Currency: New Taiwan dollar
Official language: Standard Mandarin
Internet Country Code: .tw
Lowest Point: South China Sea 0 m
Highest Point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
Introduction - Brief History
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1946 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of eventual unification - as well as domestic political and economic reform.
Although it is unrecognized as a country by some other countries. Taiwan can be considered a country.
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Languages Spoken: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Religion: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
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