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Capital: Lisbon
Largest City: Lisbon
ISO code: PRT
Dialing code: +351
Currency: Euro

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m 
Highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m

Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.


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Languages Spoken: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)

Religion: Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant



 Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain



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