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Capital: Amsterdam (Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government)
Largest City: Amsterdam
ISO code: NLD
Dialing code: +31
Currencies: United States Dollar, Euro
Information & Brief History
The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.
Languages Spoken: Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
Religion: Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41%
Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m
Highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m