Hoh Nuur 518
The Mongols gained fame
in the 13th
century when under Chinggis KHAN they conquered a huge Eurasian empire.
After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol
but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually
to their original steppe homelands and later came under Chinese rule.
won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A Communist regime
installed in 1924. During the early 1990s, the ex-Communist Mongolian
Revolutionary Party (MPRP) gradually yielded its monopoly on power to
Democratic Union Coalition (DUC), which defeated the MPRP in a national
election in 1996. Since then, parliamentary elections returned the MPRP
overwhelmingly to power in 2000 and produced a coalition government in
Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m
50%, none 40%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%
90%, Turkic, Russian
See also: Languages
spoken in Asia, Languages of
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Mongolia is located in
between China and Russia.