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Iceland Flag

Capital: Reykjavik
Dialing Code: +354

Information & Brief History
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944. Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.

Hotels
Iceland Hotels: Keflavik, Reykjavik

Languages Spoken: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

Religion: Lutheran Church of Iceland 85.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.1%, Roman Catholic Church 2%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.5%, other Christian 2.7%, other or unspecified 3.8%, unaffiliated 2.4%


Europe
Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom






 Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the UK

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m 
Highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)




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