Bookmarks > Asia > East Timor

East Timor is located in Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco.




Top Sites for Reservations
Bookmarked International Hotel Sites! Sponsored Hotel links. Popular places to stay worldwide. Book your room.


East Timor

Introduction - Brief History
The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied East Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of East Timor. An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia. Between the referendum and the arrival of a multinational peacekeeping force in late September 1999, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,300 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into West Timor as refugees. The majority of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999 the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent state

Lowest Point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m 

Highest Point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m

Capital: Dili

Internet Country Code: .tl

Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, Muslim 4%, Protestant 3%, Hindu 0.5%, Buddhist, Animist (1992 est.)

Languages Spoken: Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people 

See also: Languages spoken in Asia, Languages of the world




Asia (and surrounding areas)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh: , Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China Hotels, East Timor, Georgia, Hong Kong Hotels, India Hotels, Indonesia Hotels, Israel Hotels, Japan Hotels, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea Hotels, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen


See Also

Asia Airlines
Asia Airports
Asia Hotels






Bookmarked Websites | Privacy
 Copyright  . All Rights Reserved®